Digital communications have become essential for citizens and businesses everywhere in Europe. Nowadays we are online all of the time. We use online tools to speak to each other, our friends, our family, our partners, to do shopping, to interact with companies, with markets and even to ask services from the state. The revelations made by Edward Snowden in 2013 and other reports have made it increasingly clear that everything we say, think and do is under constant surveillance. The very device you are using to watch this video with might be the subject of unwanted attention. We need to think about the fact that there will be mass collection of data. That’s going to happen. Metadata is going to be collected, it’s a given. But how do we deal with the issue of privacy, the balance between privacy and security, within that? Citizens must understand that protecting their personal data is a part of protecting their fundamental rights. Not only governmental surveillance programs need to be balanced with citizens’ privacy. The same goes for businesses collecting electronic data on a massive scale. Sometimes development and technology are faster than we can realize what they‘re doing. We have to be very fast in making the environment more secure, and act faster than any company that is not working towards the benefit of citizens. There are several measures that can be implemented by European countries to improve the security and privacy of users over the long term. There is not one solution, but many may contribute to better security. I think we should encourage our citizens to use encryption technology. Encryption technology is something we can use in order to protect our own privacy. Using encryption currently is still challenging for the average user. European lawmakers and institutions can invest more in reducing the difficulty in using encryption. The most important thing is to have the political discussion ongoing on these issues to be able to see what are the opinions that politicians have from all countries. This year we will have a major technology conference to understand end-to-end encryption and supporting and funding for open-source software initiatives. It is hard enough nowadays to defend our computers and smartphones from snooping. But there will be much more data available in the near future. In 2020, the number of devices connected to the internet is estimated to reach 50 billion. This so-called Internet of Things will prove to be the next battleground for privacy and security. You can download the full report on Mass Surveillance and long-term options (Part 2) on this link or the website of the European Parliament.