In El Salvador to discuss immigration, McAleenan emphasizes need for ‘well-managed’ border

In El Salvador to discuss immigration, McAleenan emphasizes need for ‘well-managed’ border


JUDY WOODRUFF: The acting secretary of homeland
security, Kevin McAleenan, is on a three-day trip to Central America to talk about migration
and border security with leaders in El Salvador. Our Amna Nawaz is along with McAleenan on
this visit. And she joins me now from San Salvador, the
capital. Amna, hello. So, this is McAleenan’s, what, second trip
to El Salvador in this role. What are they looking to accomplish? AMNA NAWAZ: Well, Judy, basically, Secretary
McAleenan is trying the formalize some of those past negotiations and conversations
he’s been having with leaders here in the area. It’s not just El Salvador. He’s been meeting with leaders in Guatemala
and Honduras, again, these Northern Triangle countries, where we know the vast majority
of people crossing the U.S. southern border come from. What was signed yesterday is basically called
a letter of intent. It’s important because it’s not binding. It’s not a formal deal or agreement in any
way. But what it does do is broadly lay out four
areas the U.S. says are common areas both El Salvador and the U.S. can move forward
to try to reduce some of those migration numbers. The U.S. officials laid them out to us in
these four categories. It’s border security, information-sharing,
asylum capacity, and economic investment. But, obviously, the overall goal here is to
reduce the number of people looking to cross the U.S. southern border. So I asked Secretary McAleenan, when you’re
working towards that goal, what does success look like? What is the threshold you’re working towards? Here’s what he had to say to me in response. KEVIN MCALEENAN, Acting Secretary of Homeland
Security: The desire is to have a secure and well-managed border. We want to return to historic lows, so that
really we’re not seeing a flow of vulnerable families and children that are responding
to weaknesses in the legal framework in the United States or to the types of policy objectives
that the president here is trying to counter, forced migration, where it’s either due to
security concerns or lack of economic opportunity. AMNA NAWAZ: Secretary McAleenan actually went
on to say the primary driver that they have seen specifically among people coming from
El Salvador is economic. So, Judy, I can tell you what we have heard
from folks here on the ground when it comes to where they’re putting their energy and
their effort right now, economic investment seems to be one of the main areas of U.S.
focus — Judy. JUDY WOODRUFF: Is there any indication that
these deals will work? AMNA NAWAZ: Judy, officials here were really
keen to tell us about some of the numbers they have already seen from here in El Salvador. Here’s what they told us yesterday. The number of Salvadorans crossing the U.S.
border in May was 16,000. In August, they say they got that number down
to 6,000. That’s something they hold up as a sign of
success that a lot of these efforts and a lot of these conversations are working. It’s also worth pointing out, though, that,
overall, when it comes to southern U.S. border crossings, those numbers have gone down. In July, in fact, those total numbers were
below 100,000 for the first time in about five months. We know that detention numbers have actually
gone down. Custody times in detention have also gone
down. So, overall, because of weather, because of
historical trends, but also largely because of a number of the steps the Trump administration
has been taking to try to add deterrents, to try to limit the number of people crossing
the U.S. southern border, those numbers have been going down. JUDY WOODRUFF: And, Amna, we know that El
Salvador does have problems, major problems with violence, especially with regard to gangs. What did the president of El Salvador have
to say about that? AMNA NAWAZ: Yes, Judy. Obviously, addressing those homicide rates
and the violence levels here, it’s been a priority, not just for this president, President
Bukele, who just came into power a few months ago, but for previous administrations as well. It’s worth noting they have seen those numbers
going down. He’s implemented much more heavy-handed law
enforcement tactics when it comes to addressing some of that gang violence. But, look, there are also things that President
Bukele wants to see from the U.S., in addition to security help, things that weren’t necessarily
mentioned by U.S. officials. I asked President Bukele directly, when you’re
in these conversations with the U.S., what is it you’re asking for, when the U.S. is
asking for your cooperation to help stem the flow of people coming from El Salvador? He listed a few things, including some kind
of permanent status for Salvadorans in the U.S., many of whom have DACA protection or
TPS protection. He also mentioned asking the U.S. to lower
the State Department travel warning level from a 3 to a 2 for El Salvador, which he
thinks would help to encourage tourism. And he also said that he would much rather
have economic investment in some form, rather than any kind of economic aid — Judy. JUDY WOODRUFF: Amna Nawaz, reporting for us
from San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador, thanks.

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